Volume 5, Issue 3 (10-2021)                   EBHPME 2021, 5(3): 166-175 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Khodayari-Zarnaq R, Torkzadeh L, Heydari S, Rahmani H, Mir N, Jalilian H. The Survey of Family /Community involvement in Schools’ Health Planning and Policymaking. EBHPME 2021; 5 (3) :166-175
URL: http://jebhpme.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-334-en.html
Department of Health Services Management, School of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran , jalilian.mg86@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1728 Views)
Background: Schools play a crucial role in developing a healthy lifestyle and community participation, especially family participation, which is essential to schools’ success in achieving this role. This study aimed to examine the family/community involvement in schools’ health planning and policymaking from the principal and lead health education teacher in Tabriz, Iran.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2016. The statistical population included all school principals and lead health education teachers in Tabriz, Iran. A total of 93 schools were included. A systematic random sampling method was used for data collection. Data were collected using the School Health Profiles. The content validity of the profile was revised by an expert involved in school health. The questionnaire’s reliability was calculated by internal consistency and Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. Data were analyzed using SPSS22. Mann-Whitney and Kruskal–Wallis tests were applied to examine the difference between the type of school (in terms of ownership, gender, and grade) and the school’s percentage that attracts family/community participation.
Results: According to the results, only 53.80 % of schools actively collaborated with students’ families in developing and implementing policies and programs related to health school. The majority of schools (83.30 %) provided parents with educational content on nutrition and healthy eating, while only 40 % of them provided parents with educational content on HIV prevention, STD prevention, teen pregnancy prevention, and asthma. Moreover, more than 50 % of schools worked with other staff groups about health education activities. In most schools (73.30 %), health education teachers worked with physical education staff, while in 53.30 % of them, health education teachers worked with nutrition or service staff on health education activities.
Conclusion: Given a low percentage of school and family/community partnerships in school health-promotion programs in most dimensions, comprehensive and integrative planning must be implemented to create engagement and collaboration with other community sectors.
Full-Text [PDF 1278 kb]   (464 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (272 Views)  
Type of Study: Original article | Subject: General
Received: 2021/01/29 | Accepted: 2021/10/4 | Published: 2021/10/4

1. 1. Wechsler H. Why addressing health-related barriers to learning needs to be a fundamental component of school reform efforts. J Sch Health. 2011; 81(10): 1-3. [DOI:10.1111/j.1746-1561.2011.00650.x]
2. (Inc.) W-WHPSA. Health promoting schools framework. Available from URL: http://wahpsaorgau/resources. Last access: 8 May, 2020.
3. IUfHP E. Achieving health promoting schools: Guidelines for promoting health in schools. Available from URL: https:// healtheducationresourcesunescoorg/ library/ documents/achieving-health-promoting-schools-guidelines-promoting-health-schools. Last access: 3 May, 2019.
4. Marzuki MA, Rahman S. Parental Involvement: A strategy that Influences a child's health related behaviour. Health Science Journal 2015; 10: 1-7.
5. Epstein JL. School, family, and community partnerships: Preparing educators and improving schools: Routledge. Available from URL: https://www.routledge.com/School-Family-and-Community-Partnerships-Preparing-Educators-and-Improving/Epstein/p/book/9780813344478. Last access: 3 April, 2019. [DOI:10.4324/9780429493133-1]
6. Prevention. CfDCa. Parent engagement: strategies for involving parents in school health. Available from URL: https://wwwcdcgov/ healthyyouth/protective/pdf/parent_engagement_strategiespdf. Last access: 8 May, 2020.
7. O'Dea J. Benefits of developing a whole-school approach to health promotion. Sydney University Press, Available from URL: https://ses.library. usyd.edu.au/handle/2123/12573. Last access: 20 July, 2020.
8. Division of population health NCfCDPaHP. Physical education and physical activity. Available from URL: https://wwwcdcgov/ healthyschools/physicalactivity/indexhtm. Last access: 8 May, 2020.
9. Kolbe LJ. School health as a strategy to improve both public health and education. Annual review of public health. 2019; 40: 443-63. [DOI:10.1146/annurev-publhealth-040218-043727]
10. Holmes BW, AllisonM, Ancona R, Attisha E, Beers N, Pinto C De, et al. Role of the school nurse in providing school health services. Pediatrics. 2016; 137(6). [DOI:10.1542/peds.2016-0852]
11. Nurses NAoS. Framework for 21st century school nursing practice: National Association of School Nurses. NASN School Nurse. 2016; 31(1): 45-53. [DOI:10.1177/1942602X15618644]
12. HEALTH COS. Role of the school physician. Pediatrics. 2013; 131(1): 178-82. [DOI:10.1542/peds.2012-2995]
13. Kehm R, Davey CS, Nanney MS. The role of family and community involvement in the development and implementation of school nutrition and physical activity policy. J Sch Health. 2015; 85(2): 90-9. [DOI:10.1111/josh.12231]
14. Afshani S, Janatifar A. The comparative study of social participation between state and non-profit high school students in Yazd and its relevant factors. Journal of Applied Sociology. 2016; 27(3): 73-96.
15. (CDC) CfDCaP. School health profiles. Available from URL: https://wwwcdcgov/ healthyyouth/data/profiles/indexhtm. Last access: 2 June, 2020.
16. Kehm R, Davey CS, Nanney MS. The role of family and community involvement in the development and implementation of school nutrition and physical activity policy. Journal of School Health. 2015; 85(2): 90-9. [DOI:10.1111/josh.12231]
17. Malek A, Shafiee-Kandjani AR, Safaiyan A, Abbasi-Shokoohi H. Sexual knowledge among high school students in Northwestern Iran. ISRN pediatrics. 2012; 2012: 645103. [DOI:10.5402/2012/645103]
18. Malek A, Bina M, Shafiee-Kandjani AR. A study on the sources of sexual knowledge acquisition among high school students in northwest Iran. Archives of Iranian Medicine. 2010; 13(6): 537.
19. Bahramitash R, Kazemipour S. Myths and realities of the impact of Islam on women: Changing marital status in Iran. Critique: Critical Middle Eastern Studies. 2006; 15(2): 111-28. [DOI:10.1080/10669920600762066]
20. Weaver AD, Byers ES, Sears HA, Cohen JN, Randall HE. Sexual health education at school and at home: Attitudes and experiences of New Brunswick parents. Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality. 2001; 11(1): 19-32.
21. Brener ND, Demissie Z, McManus T, Shanklin SL, Queen B, Kann L. School health profiles 2016: Characteristics of health programs among secondary schools. Available from URL: https://stackscdcgov/view/cdc/49431. Last access: May 10, 2020.
22. The Islamic Republic of Iran Ministry of Education SCoCR, Supreme Council of Education. Fundamental Reform Document of Education(FRDE) intheIslamic Republic of Iran. Available from URL: http://enoerpir/sites/ enoerpir/files/sandtahavolpdf. Last access: 12 May, 2020.
23. Yolcu H. Decentralization of education and strengthening the participation of parents in school administration in Turkey: What Has Changed? Educational Sciences. Theory and Practice. 2011; 11(3): 1243-51.
24. Brochado S, Soares S, Fraga S. A scoping review on studies of cyberbullying prevalence among adolescents. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse. 2017; 18(5): 523-31. [DOI:10.1177/1524838016641668]
25. Ghodsi A, Balali E, Latifipak N. A study of effects of social factors on parents, participation in Hamadan senior high schools. Quarterly Journal of Social Development (Previously Human Development). 2017; 12(1): 81-106.
26. Brener ND, Demissie Z, McManus T, Shanklin SL, Queen B, Kann L. School health profiles 2016: Characteristics of health programs among secondary schools. Available from URL: https://wwwcdcgov/healthyyouth/data/profiles/pdf/2016/2016_Profiles_Reportpdf. Last access: 8 May, 2020.
27. Núñez JC, Epstein JL, Suárez N, Rosário P, Vallejo G, Valle A. How do student prior achievement and homework behaviors relate to perceived parental involvement in homework?. Frontiers in Psychology. 2017; 8: 1217. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01217]
28. Sajjadi H, Kamal SHM, Rafiey H, Vameghi M, Forouzan AS, Rezaei M. A systematic review of the prevalence and risk factors of depression among Iranian adolescents. Global Journal of Health Science. 2013; 5(3): 16. [DOI:10.5539/gjhs.v5n3p16]
29. Mansori K, Khateri S, Moradi Y, Khazaei Z, Mirzaei H, Hanis SM, et al. Prevalence of obesity and overweight in Iranian children aged less than 5 years: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Korean Journal of Pediatrics. 2019; 62(6): 206-12. [DOI:10.3345/kjp.2018.07255]
30. Mirmohammadi S-J, Hafezi R, Mehrparvar AH, Rezaeian B, Akbari H. Prevalence of overweight and obesity among Iranian school children in different ethnicities. Iranian Journal of Pediatrics. 2011; 21(4): 514.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Evidence Based Health Policy, Management and Economics

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb