Volume 6, Issue 1 (1-2022)                   EBHPME 2022, 6(1): 61-70 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Shaaban S, Mohammad Khani M R, Alizade A, Mirhajian Z, Momeni Z, Rafiei S. Impact of Organizational Culture on Entrepreneurial Behavior with the Mediating Role of Social Capital: Path Analysis. EBHPME. 2022; 6 (1) :61-70
URL: http://jebhpme.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-342-en.html
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Prevention of Non-communicable Diseases, Qazvin University of Medical sciences, Qazvin, Iran
Abstract:   (286 Views)
Background: Organizational culture can affect the levels of entrepreneurship and innovation through identifying the social capital dimensions and enhance the ability of staff to accept challenges. This study aimed to examine the impact of organizational culture on entrepreneurial behavior with the mediating role of social capital among the staff working in Qazvin University of Medical Sciences.
Methods: This was an cross-sectional analytical study conducted among the staff of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences in 2020. Sample size was calculated by Cochran formula considering type I error and the accuracy of 5 % and was equal to 122 individuals. Addressing sample attrition, the final size considered to be 143 people by calculating 15 % increase. The standard questionnaires of entrepreneurial behavior were applied to collect the data. Descriptive statistical tests were used in order to analyze the data; moreover, correlation coefficients were applied to examine the relationship between the main variables of the study. Furthermore, the Structural Equation Analysis (SEM) test was used by LISREL and SPSS software to test the research hypotheses.
Results: The estimated coefficient reported for the relationship between organizational culture and entrepreneurial behavior was 23 %; while it was reported to be 12 % for the relationship between social capital and behavior. Furthermore, the hypothesis that social capital mediates the relationship between organizational culture and entrepreneurial behavior was confirmed (T statistic = 3.310, Std. Error = 0.110, P-value < 0.001 ).
Conclusion: The results of the present study necessitate further attention to university environments and higher education institutions for creating an entrepreneurship culture by establishing a flexible structure with participatory and supportive management in order to empower human resources and encourage them to promote social capital. Holding discussion sessions with staff and using their pure ideas and avoiding the implementation of strict regulations in addition to creating a participatory atmosphere can play important role in this regard.
Full-Text [PDF 1964 kb]   (101 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (16 Views)  
Type of Study: Original article | Subject: Healt care Management
Received: 2021/05/13 | Accepted: 2022/01/30 | Published: 2022/03/29

1. 1. Ghahremani M, Pardakhtchi MH, Hoseinzadeh T. Organizational culture and its relationship with organizational entrepreneurship. The Perspective of Government Management. 2010; 1(1): 25-39. [In Persian]
2. Pirannejhad A, Kolivand I, Ghaffari A. The impact of social capital on organizational entrepreneurship (case Study: Quds Municipality). Public Administration. 2015; 7(1): 41-53. [In Persian]
3. Rafiei S, Kalhor R, Shahsavari S. Social capital and educational performance of students: The mediating role of entrepreneurial behavior. Evidence Based Health Policy, Management and Economics. 2021; 5(4): 259-66. [DOI: 10.18502/ jebhpme.v5i4.8161]
4. Nahid M. What and why entrepreneurship and organizational entrepreneurship at a glance. Business Reviews. 2009; 7(34): 39-58. [In Persian]
5. Alavani SM, Safari S, Kohanhoshnejhad R, Khodamoradi S. Factors affecting organizational entrepreneurship; case study: Food industry. Management Studies (improvement and Evolution). 2016; 25(82): 1-27. [In Persian]
6. Eliassy Gh. Entrepreneurial style, environmental capacity and performance of organizations. Management Culture. 2005; 3(11): 105-42. [In Persian]
7. Rezaei R, Darini R. The role of social capital components in organizational entrepreneurship in agricultural Jihad organization (case study: Zahedan city). Governmental Management. 2013; 5(3): 43-62. [In Persian]
8. Arabshahi A. Explain the concept and purpose of the entrepreneur organization (from the nature of the design and implementation process). Journal of Entrepreneurship in Agriculture. 2016; (3)3: 71-90. [In Persian]
9. Nasiripour AA, Raeisi P, Hoseini Fahraji H. Individual components affecting development of entrepreneurship in Iranian public hospitals. Journal of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences. 2013; 12: 681-94. [In Persian]
10. Daneshfard K, Jalili S. Entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship policies. Government Management Quarterly. 2010; 1(2): 181-215. [In Persian]
11. Nainggolan OV. Feasibility analysis of small and medium enterprises of shoes and slippers in Bogor. In3rd Global Conference On Business, Management, and Entrepreneurship (GCBME 2018): Atlantis Press; 2020: 166-9. [DOI:10.2991/aebmr.k.200131.036]
12. Gholipour R, Madhoushi M, Jafarian V. Analyzing the relationship and impact of social capital on organizational entrepreneurship (case Study in Sadid Industrial Group). Management Culture. 2008; 6(17): 111-29. [In Persian]
13. Naghvi MS, Abdollahpour M. The relationship between social capital and organizational entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship Development. 2010; 3(9): 103-129.
14. Farsijani H, Akhavan Kharazian M, Shahbazi MM. The role of organizational culture dimensions in developing entrepreneurial behavior (review of young entrepreneurial leadership institute study). The Perspective of Government Management. 2014; (20): 73-97. [In Persian]
15. Sargazi HA, Khoshfar Gh, Karimof M. The impact of social capital on organizational culture in Iranian public and non-Governmental higher education centers (case of Golestan province). Cultural Research Society; Humanities and Cultural Studies Institute. 2011; 2(1): 51-78. [In Persian]
16. Shohani MH, Ehsani M, Salehipour M. The relationship between organizational culture and organizational entrepreneurship of the national olympic committee personnel of the Islamic Republic of Iran. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences. 2015; 3(1): 93-103. [In Persian] [DOI: 10.22044/ SHM.2015.715]
17. Dianti R, Zare Zidi A. The role of human resource management in strengthening organizational entrepreneurship. Applied Studies in Management and Development Sciences. 2017; 4(6): 1-12. [In Persian]
18. Zali MR, Razavi Sm, Mohammadzade Parchin N. Explaining effect of entrepreneurial organizational culture on academic entrepreneurship in the University of Tehran. Business Management. 2013; 5(2): 89-114. [In Persian] [DOI: 10.22059/JIBM.2013.36025]
19. Asadnia A, Movahedian Q, Saghaei Talab M. Assessing organizational entrepreneurial behavior of public libraries staff: A case study of Zanjan public libraries staff. Journal of Information and Knowledge Management. 2016; 2(4): 71-81. [In Persian]
20. Rasteh Moghadam A, Rahimian H, Abbaspour A. Identify the challenges of organizational culture and propose ways to change it case study: Governmental organizations in Tehran. Organizational Culture Management. 2014; 11(4): 111-35. [In Persian]
21. Ghanbari S, Hemati M. The relationship between social capital and job performance of Bu Ali Sina University staff. Higher Education Letter. 2016; 9(35): 115-33. [In Persian]
22. Ghafouri D, Yavari A. Study and effect of organizational culture on social capital of professors of Shahid Sattari University of aeronautical sciences and technology. Military Science and Technology. 2015; 11(33): 85-108. [In Persian]
23. Taheri Attar Gh, Pourahmadi M, Herati M. An analysis of the effect of professional ethics on organizational performance and trust through the mediating role of ethical climate. Transformation Management Journal. 2019; 11(1): 27-56. [In Persian]
24. Song-zheng Z, Xiao-di Z. An empirical study on organizational culture, social capital, organizational learning and enterprise knowledge integration capability. International Conference on Information Management, Innovation Management and Industrial Engineering. Taipei, Taiwan: IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers); 2008: 3-7. [DOI: 10.1109/ ICIII.2008.282]
25. Melé D. Organizational humanizing cultures: Do they generate social capital?. Journal of Business Ethics. 2003; 45(1-2): 3-14. [DOI:10.1023/A:1024112226673]
26. Montazeralfaraj R, Shafii M, Manzouri Z. Situation of organizational culture and its relationship with organizational commitment and entrepreneurial potential in selected hospitals of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences in 2015-2016. Management Strategies in Health System. 2017; 1(2): 128-35. [In Persian]
27. Abdullah S, Musa CI, Azis M. The effect of organizational culture on entrepreneurship characteristics and competitive advantage of small and medium catering enterprises in Makassar. International Review of Management and Marketing. 2017; 7(2): 409-14.
28. Ardalan MR, Soltanzadeh V, Beheshtirad R. Evaluating the role of organizational culture on organizational entrepreneurship. Higher Education Letter. 2015; 7(27): 11-34. [In Persian]
29. Yildiz ML. The effects of organizational culture on corporate entrepreneurship. International Journal of Business and Social Science. 2014; 5(5).
30. Kordnaiej A, Akbari H, Rezaeian A. Investigation of corporate entrepreneurship obstacles; an empirical evidence from North Wood Industry Company. IQBQ. 2007; 11(55): 141-59. [In Persian]
31. Rajabi M, Dehghan R. Case study of Investigating behavioral barriers to organizational entrepreneurship in two health insurance organizations. Health Information Management. 2019; 10(7): 20-912. [In Persian]
32. Weinekötter L. Assessing the firm's internal stimulus for individual entrepreneurial behavior: the moderating role of entrepreneurial orientation. In ISPIM Innovation Symposium 2014 Dec 1 (p. 1). The International Society for Professional Innovation Management (ISPIM).
33. Madadi H. Investigating the relationship between social capital and intra-organizational entrepreneurship. Quarterly Journal of Development and Transformation Management. 2013; 5(14): 39-49. [In Persian]
34. Kalhor R, Hashemi F, Neysari N, Shahsavari S, Rafiei S. The mediating role of entrepreneurship behavior in the relationship between social capital and job performance: A study among faculty members of a medical university. Health Scope. 2020; 9(4): e102691. [DOI:10.5812/jhealthscope.102691]
35. Chen ChN, Tzeng LCh, Ou WM, Chang KT. The relationship among social capital, entrepreneurial orientation, organizational resources and entrepreneurial performance for new ventures. Contemporary Management Research. 2007; 3(3): 213-32. [DOI:10.7903/cmr.90]
36. Escandon-Barbosa D, Urbano-Pulido D, Hurtado-Ayala A. Exploring the relationship between formal and informal institutions, social capital, and entrepreneurial activity in developing and developed countries. Sustainability. 2019; 11(2): 550. [DOI:10.3390/su11020550]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Evidence Based Health Policy, Management and Economics

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb